The music from the Argentine litoral is part of a wider musical region that also includes Paraguayan music, gaúcha music from Southern Brazil, and Uruguayan litoral music.

Among the dancing and musical styles that form part of litoral music are chamamé, guarania, purajhei or canción litoraleña-paraguaya (litoral-Paraguayan song), Paraguayan polka, Corrientes polka, rural polquita, galopa or galopera, chamarrita, rasguido doble (double strumming), valseado, chotis, ranchera, gualambao, canción misionera (Misiones song), kolomeica, and balerón.

These styles have also been influenced by the traditions that European communities that settled in the region brought with them from their countries of origin.

Some of the most common instruments used in Argentine litoral music are the accordion and the Paraguayan harp, as well as the nylon string acoustic guitar (guitarra criolla). Litoral music is basically bilingual and sung in Spanish and Guaraní. Another specific characteristic of litoral music is that all styles are danced with a partner, generally doing a free choreography.

Litoral music’s origins hark back to pre-Hispanic Guaraní culture and the development of music in Jesuit-Guaraní missions set up by the Order of Jesuits, after the Spaniards’ arrival in the region. There, in musical hubs such as Loreto, essential instruments of litoral-Paraguayan music were invented and redesigned, such as the Paraguayan harp and the accordion.


Danza con raíces indígenas guaraníes con influencias jesuitas, españolas, y sobre todo alemanas (el acordeón, bandoneón y un poco en su compás).

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