Flora and fauna

The Misiones Jungle

The Misiones or paranaense jungle is one of the areas with the highest biodiversity in Argentina. It is part of the Atlantic Forest, an eco-region that stretches over Serra do Mar, in the Brazilian coast, all the way to Eastern Paraguay and most of the Province of Misiones. 

In Misiones there are two phytogeographic jungle districts: first, the jungle per se, featuring the presence of different trees such as palm trees, Perobas Rosas, laurels, and species of bamboos or Guaduas; second, the pine tree district, located in the highest areas, where the predominant tree is the Paraná pine or Araucaria. The Misiones jungle features well-defined layers or strata: the herbaceous stratum, in the jungle’s floor; the shrub stratum, with plants up to 15 metres tall; an intermediate level, formed by growing trees and ferns; the canopy stratum or skeleton of the jungle, with trees up to 30 metres tall; and the emergent stratum, with jungle giants that reach heights of up to 45 metres.

Some of the most important species include the Misiones cedar, the lapacho or trumpet tree, the timbó or pacara earpod tree, the ibira-pitá, the Paraná pine or cury, the guatambú or marfim, the peteribí, the angico, the palm, the male cedar, the incienso or ibirá-payé, the white laurel and the black laurel, the peroba rosa, the cancharana, the rabo-itá, the maría preta, the white mulberry, and the urunday, among others.

Misiones is also famous for its orchids because it is home to 50% of the species that exist in Argentina.

Native fauna

The Province’s fauna features a very rich variety of species. Several studies conducted at the national parks and different ecosystems of Misiones have confirmed the enormous range of species that inhabit the region.

As regards invertebrates, there is a large variety of butterflies and spiders. There are also many bird species, such as eagles, parrots, and toucans, among the most colourful specimens. There is also a substantial variety of mammals, including big hairy armadillos, bats, river wolves, coatis (of which a large number can be found in the Iguazú National Park), rodents, foxes, otters, and capybaras.

Monkeys, such as the red howler or carayá rojo—known for its loud howls that can be heard from a long distance—and the tufted capuchin, are very sought-after by people who want to take photographs of animals in the jungle.

Tapirs and anteaters are also present. On the other hand, the feline species, such as the yaguareté, the puma, and the ocelot, are the most exotic and very hard to find.

Also common in the province are turtles and lizards, a large variety of carnivorous marsupials, and snakes and serpents, some of them highly venomous, like the yarará or crossed pit viper and the rattlesnake. 

In 1989, the yaguareté, the tapir, and the anteater were named “Provincial Natural Heritage of Public Interest” under Law No. 2589, which, for preservation purposes, prohibits their hunt and/or possession across the entire territory of the province of Misiones.

Especies únicas

Acercarse a la selva misionera es desafiar a los sentidos. Bastan apenas unos pasos en el monte para entender que ese universo gigante de flora y fauna tiene sus propias reglas, sus sonidos y sus secretos.

Flora y fauna

Las orquídeas son parte de la flora autóctona de Misiones. Una gran variedad de estas flores se puede disfrutar en el Orquidiario del Parque Temático de La Cruz, en Santa Ana.

Colón 1985 - Posadas - Misiones
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